Klipkop Wildlife Sanctuary is a 5,500 acre property in South Africa's Gauteng province, approximately 45 km east of Pretoria. Klipkop is located on a rare and increasingly endangered type of vegetation called bankenveld.

Agriculture and urban expansion have decimated the veld here on the Johannesburg plateau (also known as the highveld). Found nowhere else in the world, bankenveld straddles the North-West, Gauteng and Mpumalanga provinces between 1,500-1,600m altitude. Less than 2% is formally protected and over 65% transformed. Private landowners now play a vital role in preserving what is left.

Our sanctuary was established with a novel leasing arrangement. Adjacent property owners removed boundary fences, erected a game fence around compounds, and 'leased' the remaining land to an association they themselves had formed. The 1,000 acre sanctuary was born. Expansion has come through expanding community participation and land acquisition.

Bankenveld is very much a biodiversity hotspot - it is a transitional vegetation that shares characteristics with the high veld grasslands, low veld savannas (bushveld) and flora of the Drakensberg and Kalahari regions. Over 450 vegetative species have been documented on Klipkop - including trees, shrubs, grasses, suffrutices, herbs and geophytes.

The sanctuary's primary objective is to acquire more habitat, and reintroduce (suitable) indigenous species as opportunity and finances permit. Klipkop houses a range of buck, including kudu, eland, blesbuck, waterbuck, impala, reedbuck, grey duiker, steenbok, red hartebeest and blue wildebeest, as well as zebras and giraffes. Among the smaller varieties are bushpig, warthog, rock hyrax, porcupine, mongoose and bushbaby. Klipkop also houses almost 200 avian varieties on record.