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New South Wales: Quoll Headquarters - 164 hectares - Steve Haslam

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Victoria: Witchwood - 9.1 hectares - Jill Redwood

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Queensland: The Roost - 39.75 hectares - Lynn Childs

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Tasmania: Lyn and Geoff's Refuge - 10 hectares - Lyn and Geoff Murray

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Western Australia: Tippaburra Valley - 2470 hectares - Buddy Kent

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New South Wales: Falls Forest Retreat - 80 hectares - Mary White

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Victoria: Wingura - 2.5 hectares - Suzanne and John Brandenberger

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Queensland: Cooper Creek Wilderness - 66.74 hectares - Prue Hewett

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Threatened Species & Ecological Communities PDF Print E-mail
Member Resources

The Federal Government, and those in each State and Territory maintain a list of plant and animal species, and ecological communities, that are considered threatened with extinction.  Follow the links below to access the lists of threatened fauna, flora and ecological communities across all Australian jurisdictions.

 

Jurisdiction

Legislation

Lists

Commonwealth

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act

Flora; fauna; ecological communities

New South Wales

Threatened Species Conservation Act / Fisheries Management Act

Flora; fauna; ecological communities; endangered fish; critically endangered fish

Queensland

Nature Conservation Act

Flora and fauna: endangered; vulnerable; near threatened

Victoria

Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act

Flora, fauna and ecological communities

Tasmania

Threatened Species Protection Act / Nature Conservation Act

Vertebrates; invertebrates; vascular; non-vascular; ecological communities

South Australia

National Parks and Wildlife Act

Flora and fauna: endangered; vulnerable; rare

Western Australia

Wildlife Conservation Act

Flora; fauna; ecological communities

Northern Territory

Territory Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act

Flora and fauna

ACT

Nature Conservation Act

Flora, fauna and ecological communities

 

In Australia, a total of 367 fauna (including 92 mammal, 107 bird and 45 fish species) and 1,295 flora species are listed as either Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable under Australia's national environment law, the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act).  Humane Society International and the Wildlife Land Trust believe that one of the most effective ways of preventing these species joining the ranks of those 104 listed under the same legislation as Extinct is to protect the habitats and ecological communities with which the species are associated.  Many of these ecological communities are under severe threat from such processes as land clearing, grazing by livestock and feral animals, weed invasion, salinity, and changes in water and fire regimes, and HSI/WLT are working hard to protect them through our Threatened Ecological Communities nomination program.

 

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Ecological Community:

Coolibah - Black Box Woodlands of the Darling Riverine Plains and Brigalow Belt South Bioregions

Legislation:

TSC Act and EPBC Act

Classification:

Endangered

Extent:

910,000 ha (NSW); 1,321,103 ha (National)

Nominated by:

Humane Society International / Wildlife Land Trust Australia

 

 

-Photo by John Benson.


HSI/WLT nominates ecological communities under threat for listing under both the Commonwealth EPBC Actand New South Wales Threatened Species Conservation Act, 1995 (TSC Act), as these are currently the most effective forms of legislation for dealing with these communities, with clear guidelines, workable processes and enforceable protection.  The Federal Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts manages the annual call for public nominations in which ecological communities under threat are able to be considered for protection as "matters of national environmental significance" under the EPBC Act.  Such listings lead to extra protection for the many threatened species that use the ecological communities as habitat, as well as providing new protection to declining species that are not yet listed as threatened but are under pressure.  In addition, the protection of Threatened Ecological Communities allows for the vital ecosystem services to be preserved to the benefit of all land users, such as carbon capture and storage or the reduction or control of dry land salinity and erosion.

 

Threatened Ecological Communities are known to be complex to describe and differentiate, but they are a very efficient and effective tool for whole-of-system or landscape-scale protection of biodiversity, particularly in providing wildlife habitat (including unique habitats, critical refuges and corridors).Threatened Ecological Communities are often on land or water that is underrepresented in conservation tenure, but giving them legislative protection can also complement and provide wildlife connectivity with natural systems protected through other conservation measures such as the National Reserve System.  Although open to all members of the public, nominations are required to be scientifically rigorous and significant research must be undertaken for nominations to be prioritised for assessment by both the national and NSW Threatened Species Scientific Committee, and to ultimately translate to effective protection vehicles for biodiversity.

 

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Ecological Community:

Natural Grasslands of the Queensland Central Highlands and the Northern Fitzroy Basin

Legislation:

EPBC Act

Classification:

Endangered

Extent:

241,548 ha

Nominated by:

Humane Society International / Wildlife Land Trust Australia

 

 

-Photo by Don Butler.

 

The ultimate outcome of listing a Threatened Ecological Community as a matter of national environmental significance under the EPBC Act is a positive effect for the conservation and recovery of the plants, animals and other organisms that make up the community. These listings aim for national recognition and protection of Threatened Ecological Communities which in turn allows other management actions and decisions to be made to arrest or minimise decline in native plants, animals and ecosystems.

 

Following a listing, the government is required to consider developing a recovery plan and to guard against detrimental impact to the newly listed ecological community. Any activity that may significantly impact on any listed ecological community under the EPBC Act, such as clearing vegetation or a nearby development, must first be assessed by the Federal Minister for the Environment. It is required for governments, in cooperation with private landholders, to develop protective management regimes in the area a Threatened Ecological Community is present. In other instances, Threatened Ecological Communities may eventually be protected under National Park status if the area is particularly biodiverse.

 

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Ecological Community:

Grey Box (Eucalyptus microcarpa) Grassy Woodlands and Derived Native Grasslands of South-Eastern Australia

Legislation:

EPBC Act

Classification:

Endangered

Extent:

678,130 ha

Nominated by:

Humane Society International / Wildlife Land Trust Australia

 

 

-Photo by Elizabeth Donoghue.

 

HSI/WLT have made a number of very important nominations over the years which have been critical in building the national list of Threatened Ecological Communities and hence achieving significant conservation outcomes. We are responsible for nominating 14 of the 48 Threatened Ecological Communities currently listed under the EPBC Act, amounting to approximately 1.95 million hectares. Furthermore, approximately 1.88 out of the 1.92 million hectares (or about 98%) of communities listed as Endangered under the Act are as a result of HSI/WLT nominations!

 

When we first launched our 'Million Acres' campaign in 1998, our aim was to secure the protection of at least that amount of habitat through Threatened Ecological Community listings under the EPBC and TSC Acts. We quickly passed this point and have now far exceeded the figure, and through our nomination program have secured protection for approximately 5,000,000 hectares of Australian grassland, woodland, shrubland, alpine and coastal habitat. Many more communities nominated by HSI/WLT await adjudication under both the Commonwealth and State laws.

 

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